Home Heating and Cooling 101

Home Heating and Cooling 101

Whatever your questions are about heating/cooling systems in your home, this article should help you get started with some basic background information to make more informed decisions.


While the heating and cooling systems of our homes are typically out of view from our daily Efficiency Heating
Coolinglife, they are important to keep our homes comfortable and safe.

Here is our short guide on the basics of heating and cooling:


1. There are three major types of heating and cooling systems for your home. One of them is a gravity furnace system, the second type is a radiant heating system, and the third one is called a ducted, or “forced air” system.

2. The gravity furnace system transports hot air from a heater that is typically located on the ground floor or the basement of many homes. This mechanism uses large ducts and pipes to spread heat and cool air throughout the home. The heated air rises up through the system, and as the air cools, it sinks, returning to the furnace to be heated, and start the cycle again. This is also called central heating/cooling. The gravity furnace can be operated through thermostat control.


3. The second kind of heating and system called the radiant heating systems uses water, electricity and hot steam. There is a central boiler system that heats the water and makes it move around the tubes and pipes located around your home, delivering the heat to the rooms through “radiator.” As the water cools, it returns to be heated. Often an air conditioner can be fitted in a window, to provide cooling for smaller areas of the home.

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